What is v2ray?
V2ray or vmess protocol to be precise, is a sophisticated version of the famous Shadowsocks. At the core v2ray is also based on SOCKS5 proxy. Normally, proxies lack encryption, and that’s what differentiates a VPN and a proxy. Shadowsocks is SOCKS5 proxy with an encryption, and vmess is the next gen Shadowsocks.
V2Ray includes two “protocols” vmess, v2ray’s own protocol and Shadowsocks. In addition, you can choose several tunneling and obfuscation options with vmess.
- TCP – It is the default connection. “TCP (Transmission Control Protocol) is a type of protocol or standard to transfer information over the Internet, such as SSH, FTP, HTTP, etc.“
- Websocket – With Websocket you can hide your VPS IP address behind a domain name, making it harder for the VPN blocking firewall to blacklist the IP address.
- mKCP – An alternative to TCP, could be faster than TCP. Could be useful if you need a UDP like protocol.
- QUIC – Google’s alternative to TCP and UDP. Based on UDP. Could be faster than TCP.
Choosing a VPS
I recommend renting an hourly billing VPS. In case the IP address is blocked, you can open a new server. Find a less popular VPS provider because the firewalls could target the popular ones more often that the smaller ones.
Mainly, you can find two types of VPS, OpenVZ and KVM. Mostly KVM is preferable, because you can use the “Google BBR” command to increase the speed.
If you do not find an hourly billing VPS with a good IP address, then you can go for cheaper VPS services. I have used and would recommend BuyVM and Virmach.
There is a way to check whether a VPS service has a working IP address before making a payment. Google “vps looking glass”, and you will find several looking glass pages of VPS services. If you can download the test files without using a VPN, then you can invest your money for the virtual server.
After renting a server, you can test the IP address before installing v2ray. Go to Putty (or an alternative) type in the IP address, if you do not encounter an error, then you are good to go. After ensuring that VPS IPs address is not blocked, you can use a VPN when connecting to your server via Putty or an alternative to prevent the IP address blocking. If you do not have a VPN, you can also use a free web based SSH on bartlweb. Free SSH by Bartlweb is not available anymore, you can go for a putty alternative offered by the VPS provider if you do not have a VPN.
Setting up v2ray
Thanks to the one-command script by 233blog.com, you can install v2ray even if you are not familiar with Linux commands.
You need to have at least Ubuntu 16, Debian 8 or CentOS 7.
This guide will be for Ubuntu.
1. First make updates and upgrades
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get upgrade
2. Run the v2ray script
bash <(curl -s -L https://git.io/v2ray.sh)
If you run into the error “curl command not found” then run apt-get update -y && apt-get install curl -y
3. First question will ask you which version you choose. No major differences between 1 and 2. You can choose 1.
4. Next you choose the protocol. For sake of simplicity let’s choose TCP.
5. Now you choose the port. You can choose the default value or change it. I choose port 23432.
6. Then you choose to install an ad-blocker or not. It is noted that performance may be affected if ad-blocker is activated. I choose not to install it.
7. You will be asked whether you also want to install Shadowsocks. If you type Y, then you will have to choose a Shadowsocks port, a password and an encryption method. I will keep it simple and choose not to install Shadowsocks.
8. And lastly, you press Enter to proceed or Ctrl+C to cancel. After a while, the setup will be complete. Now you can get v2ray configuration by typing v2ray qr (for QR code) or v2ray link (for url).
v2ray info – View V2Ray configuration information
v2ray config – Modify V2Ray configuration
v2ray link – Generate V2Ray configuration file link
v2ray infolink – Generate V2Ray configuration information link
v2ray qr – Generate V2Ray configuration QR code link
v2ray ss – Modify Shadowsocks configuration
v2ray ssinfo – View Shadowsocks configuration information
v2ray ssqr – Generate Shadowsocks Configure QR code link
v2ray status – View V2Ray running status
v2ray start – Start V2Ray
v2ray stop – stop V2Ray
v2ray restart – restart V2Ray
v2ray log – View V2Ray Run log
v2ray update – Update V2Ray
v2ray update.sh – update V2Ray management script
v2ray uninstall – Uninstall V2Ray
Adding multiple users on v2ray (Bonus)
1. First, generate multiple UUIDs on the uuidgenerator.net
2. Next, SSH into your VPS and type nano /etc/v2ray/config.json to edit the config file
4. You shoud edit the config as given below, note that I add a comma sign (,) and copy and paste the above user config in brackets and change the uuid:
Installing v2ray to Your Devices
v2ray apps for Android
You can use v2ray on several apps on Android, and all of them are available for free.
v2ray apps for iOS
You can use v2ray on several apps on your iPhone as well, but for now all of the v2ray apps are paid apps.
v2ray clients for Windows
For your Windows PC, you can choose one of these three v2ray Windows clients. And here is a download link. There is also a new software called Clash, that requires a 64-bit Windows. You can download it here.
VPN services that offer v2ray
Sometimes IP blocks are so often that you may want a solution without a hassle, and go for a paid option. If that is the case for you, Wannaflix and 12VPN offer v2ray, along with other VPN protocols. You can read my brief review about the VPNs on the blog post the Best Stealth VPNs.